Objections to Astrology
19 Nobelpreisträger warnen vor der Astrologie
Im Jahre 1975 erregte ein öffentliches Statement von 192 Naturwissenschaftlern, darunter 19 Nobelpreisträger, die allgemeine Öffentlichkeit und verursachte einen in Sachen Astrologie bis dahin und seither nicht überbotenen Medienrummel. Da dieses Statement immer wieder in der pro und contra Debatte Astrologie Verwendung findet, sei es hier im Wortlaut zitiert
Objections to Astrology
Reprinted from The Humanist 35, no. 5 (September/October 1975) with permission:
“Objections to Astrology”
“A critical Look at Astrology,” by Bart J. Bok
“Astrology: Magic or Sience?” by Lawrence E. Jerome
Published 1975 by Prometheus Books
923 Kensington Avenue, Buffalo, New York 14215
Objections to Astrology
A Statement by 192 leading Scientists
Scientists in a variety of fields have become concerned about the increased acceptance of astrology in many parts of the world. We, the undersigned – astronomers, astrophysicists, and scientists in other fields – wish to caution the public against the unquestioning acceptance of the predictions and advice given privately and publicly by astrologers. Those who wish to believe in astrology should realize that there is no scientific foundation for its tenets.
In ancient times people believed in the predictions and advice of astrologers because astrology was part and parcel of their magical world view. They looked upon celestial objects as abodes or omens of the Gods and thus intimately connected with events here on earth; they had no concept of the vast distances from the earth to the planets and stars. Now that these distances can and have been calculated, we can see how infinitesimally small are the gravitational and other effects produced by the distant planets and the far more distant stars. It is simply a mistake to imagine that the forces exerted by stars and planets at the moment of birth can in any way shape our futures. Neither is it true that the position of distant heavenly bodies makes certain days or periods more favourable to particular of kinds of action, or that the sign under which one was born determines one’s compatibility or incompatibility with other people.
Why do people believe in astrology? In these uncertain times many long for the comfort of having guidance in making decisions. They would like to believe in a destiny predetermined by astral forces beyond their control. However, we must all face the world, and we must realize that our futures lie in ourselves, and not in the stars.
One would imagine, in this day of widespread enlightenment and education, that it would be unnecessary to debunk beliefs based on magic and superstition. Yet, acceptance of astrology pervades modern society. We are especially disturbed by the continued uncritical dissemination of astrological charts, forecasts, and horoscopes by the media and by otherwise reputable newspapers, magazines, and book publishers. This can only contribute to the growth of irrationalism and obscurantism. We believe that the time has come to challenge directly and forcefully the pretentious claims of astrological charlatans.
It should be apparent that those individuals who continue to have faith in astrology do so in spite of the fact that there is no verified scientific basis for their beliefs, and indeed that there is strong evidence to the contrary.
Bart J. Bok, emeritus professor of astronomy University of Arizona
Lawrence E. Jerome, science writer Santa Clara, California
Paul Kurtz, professor of philosophy, SUNY at Buffalo
Nobel Prize Winners
Hans A. Bethe, professor emeritus of physics, Cornell
Sir Francis Crick, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, Eng.
Sir John Eccles, distinguished professor of physiology and biophysics, SUNY at Buffalo
Gerhard Herzberg, distinguished research scientist, National Research Council of Canada
Wassily Leontief, , professor of economics, Harvard University
Konrad Lorenz, univ. prof., Austrian Academy of Sciences
André M. Lwoff, honorary professor, Institut Pasteur, Paris
Sir Peter Medawar, Medical Research Council, Middlesex, Eng.
Jacques Monod, Institut Pasteur, Paris
Robert S. Mulliken, dist. prof. of chemistry, Univ. of Chicago
Linus C. Pauling, professor of chemistry, Stanford University
Edvard M. Purcell, Gerhard Gade univ. prof., Harvard Univ.
Paul A. Samuelson, professor of economics, MIT
Julian Schwinger, professor of physics, U. of Calif., Los Angeles
Glenn T. Seaborg, univ. professor, Univ. of. Calif., Berkeley
J. Tinbergen, professor emeritus, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
N. Tinbergen, emer. professor of animal behaviour, Oxford Univ.
Harold C. Urey, professor emeritus, Univ. of. Calif., San Diego
George Wald, professor of biology, Harvard University
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